Every day a person falls out 50-100 hairs – more in winter, less in summer. This is completely normal as hair has a lifespan. Their life cycle has an active phase, an intermediate phase and a rest phase. Simply put, the hair grows until the hair follicle dies off, after which the hair falls out. Each hair has its own growth cycle, so you don’t notice hair changes.
How to make sure your daily hair loss remains within the normal range? Of course, to assess the situation, you do not need to count the lost hair one by one. However, if after a shower you notice that more hair has accumulated in the drain grid than usual, empty areas appear on the scalp, or hair has become less frequent, you should consult a doctor or other specialist and find out what happened. This way, you can slow down or even stop the hair loss process.
It can happen to anyone
Aging! That’s right – in old age, hair naturally thins. There is often no point in suspecting a disease or looking for another cause. It’s just that as you age, the number of hair follicles in the scalp decreases threefold. In addition, the growth phase of the hair is shortened, which means that they do not have time to grow.
Short-term hair loss can be caused by hormonal changes, medications, or stress. In this case, a large number of hairs enter the resting phase, and new ones do not have time to grow. Inadequate hair care can also cause hair to break before the end of its life. However, these are temporary problems, after which the hair growth is restored.
Hair loss caused by trauma. After surgery or a scalp injury, hair may stop growing in the area of scar tissue.
If you have hereditary baldness …
Hereditary baldness, or alopecia , occurs in both women and men . In this case, the hair follicles at one point simply cease to function normally. This is due to an innate sensitivity to a form of the male sex hormone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Because of it, the hair becomes more and more fragile, stops growing and loses pigment. Hair follicles gradually regress, hair falls out, and new ones no longer grow.
In men, hereditary baldness can be detected by routine observation. Women who are suspected of having this type of baldness are referred for testing, which can be a blood test or a scalp test.
Attention! In about half of people, baldness has genetic causes. The baldness gene can be inherited from both mom (grandmother) and father (grandfather)!
When does hereditary baldness make itself felt?
In men, hereditary baldness can manifest itself as early as adolescence or immediately after. The sooner this “manifests”, the sooner the process will flow. Hair thinns, the border of the hairline begins to recede backward from the front and from the temples, then hair growth at the crown decreases.
In women, genetic baldness manifests itself mainly after forty years or during menopause. The prolapse is easier than in men. Hair thinns evenly, becomes brittle and no longer grows in length, although, in general, women’s hair never completely disappears.
We ourselves cannot influence when hereditary baldness begins. How to stop hair loss?
How to stop hair loss?
In case of temporary loss, reconsider your lifestyle:
– Eat right! Weak and brittle hair often suffers from a lack of minerals and nutrients. A very important building block for hair is protein, that is, a protein that strengthens hair and prevents hair loss. It comes mainly from meat, fish, milk, nuts, and eggs. It is also important to maintain normal levels of iron, copper, zinc and vitamin D.
– Maintain a positive attitude! Stress interferes with hair growth and contributes to premature hair loss. Releasing stress is not always easy; start resting and relaxing more. Thus, the body will receive a charge of vivacity, and the corresponding energy will be supplied to the hair roots, providing the strength of the hair.
– Consult your family doctor . Sometimes, massive hair loss can hide a health problem that requires specialist attention and certain medications. Long-term drug use also leaves its mark on the hair. In this case, you should consult a doctor or pharmacist.
Try special hair care products. For age-related or lifestyle-related hair loss, these products can be invaluable. They revitalize blood circulation in the scalp and strengthen the hair roots.
In the case of persistent baldness, the rules of care are somewhat different:
– Consult a specialist! The most powerful medications for combating hereditary hair loss in women and men are different. Women can try hormone therapy using antiandrogens, which can help with thinning hair. In some cases, finasteride tablets help men.
Try special hair care products . If we are dealing with hereditary baldness, then hair loss cannot be stopped. At the same time, it is recommended to use products promoting hair growth in the initial stage of alopecia in order to maintain capillary circulation in the scalp and strengthen the remaining hair roots.
– Hair transplantation. If hair loss has a bad effect on self-esteem, and nothing has yielded results, then you can transplant hair follicles taken from the back of the head to a bald place. In order for the transplanted hair to start growing, it must fall on fertile soil – the scalp can be healed, first of all, by the right lifestyle.