High cholesterol: when to see a cardiologist
High cholesterol levels increase your risk of heart attack or stroke. How to regulate its level on your own and why go to the doctor is described in the article
What is cholesterol
Cholesterol is a wax-like substance that circulates in the blood of any person. Cholesterol is often talked about as something very harmful, but it is not. Every cell in our body needs it. Too much cholesterol can cause problems though.
We get cholesterol in two ways: the required amount is produced by the liver and is additionally absorbed from food. Cholesterol is usually divided into “good” and “bad” , although in fact it is one. Good and bad are lipoproteins – these are its compounds with other substances.
Low density lipoproteins (LDL) are called “bad”. They can form deposits on the walls of blood vessels, which is why they lose their elasticity and narrow.
“Good” refers to high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is believed that they perform the function of cleaners – they carry away part of the “bad” cholesterol from the bloodstream to the liver, where it is broken down.
If the cholesterol level is not controlled, then there can be too much bad and too little good. Because of this, the risk of the accumulation of cholesterol and other compounds on the walls of large arteries increases – atherosclerosis. These deposits make it difficult for the blood to move, and can also suddenly come off and form a blood clot, which can cause a heart attack or stroke.
As blood cholesterol rises, so does the health risk, but the condition has no symptoms . This is why it is important to be aware of his level.
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Caring for your cholesterol level consists of three steps
- Pass the analysis to check its level.
A doctor may suggest testing if high cholesterol levels are suspected. At risk are people over 40, with cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, overweight, diabetes or family history.
- Change your diet and habits that affect your diet.
The main causes of high cholesterol are: Eating fatty foods, lack of exercise, being overweight, alcohol and cigarette abuse, and heredity.
You can start changing with your diet : eat more unsaturated fats (fish, fruits and vegetables, nuts) and less saturated fats (baked goods, sausages, cakes). Or add physical activity to your life: brisk walking, running, swimming and cycling are fine.
- Monitor its level with a cardiologist.
If your cholesterol levels do not drop after diet and lifestyle changes, or there is a high risk of heart attack, medications will be needed . The most common drugs are statins. They reduce the amount of cholesterol the body produces. But they are not suitable for everyone, so only a doctor can prescribe the drug.
Controlling blood cholesterol is a necessary concern for the body. Don’t delay visiting your doctor to check your cholesterol levels.
Make an appointment with a cardiologist. Shilajit