HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR FACE SKIN TYPE?

HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR FACE SKIN TYPE?

Content

  • Facial skin type: what can it be?
  • How to determine the type of facial skin at home?
  • How to visually identify skin type with a napkin?
  • Online skin type test
  • How to properly care for different skin types?

In order to correctly select the correct corrective facial treatment, it is necessary to be guided by the type and needs of the skin. An improperly selected beauty routine can worsen the condition of the epidermis, provoke excessive production of sebum, cause irritation, dryness and discomfort. To eliminate such negative changes, we will tell you how to determine the type of facial skin on your own.

 

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Facial skin type: what can it be?

Dermatologists distinguish the following skin types:

  1. Oily or problematic
    This type is characterized by enlarged pores, uneven texture, a tendency to oily sheen. Rashes (acne) can often appear. Skin of this type is usually dense, less sensitive to the influence of external factors and aging more slowly due to self-moisturizing with sebum. Oily skin can be aggravated by dehydration, insufficient pore cleansing, or control of the sebaceous glands.
  2. Dry or sensitive
    Type, subject to the most rapid aging: dehydration of the dermis provokes loss of firmness, elasticity and the appearance of fine wrinkles, irritations. The pores are invisible, rashes rarely appear. The skin is thin, reactive, flaky and requires special care. After washing or cleansing, there is often a feeling of slight tightness and discomfort.
  3. Combined (mixed)
    A combination of oily and dry skin on different areas of the face: the T-zone (chin, nose, forehead) is characterized by an intense secretion of sebum and often suffers from the appearance of inflammation, in the U-zone (the area of ​​the cheeks and cheekbones), on the contrary, the skin is dry … A daily routine for combination skin can combine cosmetics for oily and dry types. You can also use 2-in-1 universal combination products.
  4. Normal
    Differs in the absence of visible manifestations of defects. Normal skin has a uniform color and texture, a healthy matte texture and does not require special care – you just need to maintain an optimal balance of the epidermis.

 

Can skin type change during life?

The type of facial skin is genetically established, but under the influence of many factors (both internal and external), it can change throughout a person’s life.

For example, hormonal changes of a different nature can affect the state of the epidermis:

  • pregnancy,
  • period of menopause,
  • some hormonal diseases,
  •  

Also, a change in the condition of the skin of the face can occur due to a sharp change in climate, changes in diet, due to regular stress, against the background of taking certain medications or improperly selected care cosmetics. The right care can correct each type of problem, whether it is excessive sebum production with acne, dryness, scaling or sensitivity.

Below are some simple tests to help you understand what skin type you have.

How to determine the type of facial skin at home?

 

How to determine your skin type yourself? A dermatologist or cosmetologist will help you to do this correctly. You can also check the condition of your epidermis at home with simple tests.

You can visually determine your skin type as follows:

  • If there are no visible imperfections on the face, the color is healthy and uniform, the relief is smooth (without roughness), the skin is matte, there is no oily sheen, then you have a normal skin type.
  • If the skin of the face is thin, pores are almost invisible on it, rashes rarely appear, then you have a dry type with a predisposition to hypersensitivity. The main characteristics of this type are dryness, discomfort and tightness, peeling. Also, the dry type is most prone to premature aging and the appearance of fine wrinkles and lines of dehydration.
  • If there is an excessive oily sheen and rashes on your face (acne, post-acne), then you have an oily skin type. This type is characterized by uneven relief, texture and an earthy complexion. If the listed skin condition is typical for the T-zone (chin, forehead, nose), and the cheeks remain dull and without rashes, then you have a combined type.

How to visually identify skin type with a napkin?

 

  1. To find out your skin type, wash with your usual cleanser. After washing your face, do not use additional nourishing or moisturizing products.
  2. 30 minutes after washing, when the sebaceous glands begin to actively produce sebum, apply a dry or matting napkin to your face for 20 seconds.
  3. Assess the condition of the napkin:
    – If there is a noticeable oily mark in the T-zone, the skin is combination.
    – A greasy mark on all parts of the face indicates a fatty type.
    – Subtle traces of grease on the napkin – normal type.
    – If there are no traces at all, then you are the owner of the dry type.

Online skin type test

 

Want to determine your skin type? Our site has a specially designed application for determining skin type. It determines the skin type and selects an individual skin care program. Take a free online skin diagnosis and receive a complimentary mini-set of cosmetics.

 

ONLINE SKIN DIAGNOSTICS

Find personalized care for your skin and get a mini cosmetic set FOR FREE

TAKE THE TEST

Below is a classic skin type test.

  1. How does your skin feel after washing?
    a) There is no discomfort, the skin is fresh and radiant.
    b) There is a feeling of tightness, dryness, discomfort.
    c) Within 20 minutes after washing, a slight oily shine of the face appears.
    d) After washing, an excessive shine of the face appears in the T-zone, the cheek area remains matte.
  2. What sensations does the skin experience if we neglect the stage of its hydration?
    a) I don’t use a moisturizer, my skin feels great without it.
    b) Moisturizer is an indispensable step in my beauty routine, as without it, the skin is dry and tight.
    c) Without moisturizing, the oily shine of the face is enhanced.
    d) Without moisture, the oily shine of the face is enhanced in the T-zone, the cheek area remains matte.
  3. Assess the condition of the pores on the face
    a) The pores are invisible, the rashes practically do not appear.
    b) The pores are almost invisible, rashes rarely appear.
    c) The pores are predominantly enlarged, there are imperfections on the face: pimples, blackheads, rash.
    d) The pores are enlarged only in the forehead, nose and chin. There are no pores in the U-zone or they are hardly noticeable.
  4. Does the skin react to the influence of external and internal factors: unhealthy diet, bad habits (smoking, excessive alcohol consumption), environmental pollution, climate change, etc.
    a) Does not react in any way.
    b) There is dryness, irritation, itching.
    c) Excessive oily shine of the face appears and acne is aggravated.
    d) Rashes appear on the forehead, nose and chin.
  5. 30 minutes after cleansing the skin, without first applying a base cream for skin care, apply a paper or matting napkin to your face for 20 seconds. Describe the condition of the napkin.
    a) There are no marks left on the napkin.
    b) There are no marks left on the napkin, but the skin is reddened and its sensitivity increased.
    c) Sebum traces are slightly visible on the napkin.
    d) There are impressive greasy stains on the napkin.

Test results – if most of the answers are in the block:

  • A – you have normal skin type.
    Congratulations, you have the most unassuming type – normal. The condition of the epidermis is consistently good, there is no oily sheen or rashes, the pores are invisible, the skin feels comfortable. For daily care of this type, choose cosmetics marked “for normal skin”.
  • B – you have dry sensitive skin type.
    Dry skin type often has a predisposition to hypersensitivity: allergic reactions, dryness, peeling, itching, discomfort are frequent companions of dry epidermis. For this type of care, choose hypoallergenic cosmetics.
  • C – you have oily skin type.
    Excessive oily face shine, which appears within half an hour after cleansing the skin, and frequent rashes are sure signs of an oily type. For this type of care, choose cosmetics marked “non-comedogenic”.
  • D – you have combination skin.
    The T-zone is usually characterized by an oily sheen and visible imperfections, while the cheeks and under-eye area are characterized by increased dryness and sensitivity. For this type of care, choose cosmetics marked “for combination skin”. More advice on the care of the combined type.

How to properly care for different skin types?

 

Choosing the right corrective care is the main reason you need to know your skin type. Despite the fact that each of them requires an individual approach and the choice of suitable cosmetics, there are basic steps of a beauty routine that are relevant for everyone.

Cleansing is the first and foremost step in any type of skin care. Facial cleansing is aimed at delicately removing impurities: the remains of cosmetics, dust, sebum, sweat. Also, regularly carry out deep cleansing (exfoliation) of the face using scrubs, peeling or gommages (according to skin type) to exfoliate dead skin cells of the epidermis.

Toning is the final stage of cleansing. The toner restores the skin’s normal pH level and promotes better penetration of the active ingredients of your cream formula to penetrate into the deeper layers of the dermis.

Moisturizing is necessary for all skin types, without exception and on a regular basis. High-quality hydration is responsible for the softness, elasticity and protection of the epidermis from dehydration and early aging.

Nutrition is responsible for protecting the skin and strengthening its hydrolipidic mantle, which helps the epidermis to resist external negative factors. There are different textures and nutritional formulas for different skin types.

Sun protection is also essential for all skin types and not only during the hot season. UV rays are one of the main damaging factors, under the harmful influence of which the body triggers a number of reactions designed to protect the skin, and even in the cold season, UV radiation has a negative effect on the epidermis and contributes to its accelerated photoaging.

Oily skin type

 

The main task of oily skin is not to turn into problem skin. The fatty type needs high-quality cleansing twice a day, as well as matting, anti-inflammatory and healing agents. Choose non-comedogenic foods that are free from alcohol and oils. Exfoliating products should be mild: scrubs with fine particles or peels for problem skin.

Important (!): The fatty type can also be dehydrated and even sensitive, this happens against the background of incorrectly selected aggressive care: with the abuse of alcohol tonics, scrubs, products with acids and retinol. Pay due attention to hydration of the epidermis.

Which La Roche-Posay products to use for grooming?

Cleansers

  • Effaclar Ultra micellar waterfor oily problem skin is used to effectively cleanse the skin from impurities, delicately remove makeup, does not require rinsing with water.
  • Effaclar Purifying Mattifying Mask – removes deep (even invisible to the eye) impurities and visibly tightens enlarged pores. Regular use of the product controls excess sebum production.

Matting

  • Effaclar Moisturizing Mattifying Seboregulating Emulsion– contains the Sebulyse component, which normalizes sebum production, has a mattifying effect and contributes to a noticeable narrowing of pores.

Toning

  • Lotion for narrowing pores with a matting effect Effaclar– cleanses pores and visibly reduces their size, mattifies the skin surface. The formula of the product contains cleansing components and Lipo-hydroxy acids.

Oily skin care for exacerbated acne and stagnant spots (post-acne):

  • Effaclar DUO [+]Correcting Cream-Gel for Problem Skin [+] – is used to instantly moisturize and matte the skin, reduce imperfections and the resulting redness.
  • Effaclar AI local correcting agent– accelerates the disappearance of skin imperfections and prevents post-acne.
  • Micro-exfoliating gel Effaclar– used to intensively cleanse the skin and pores from impurities, reduce imperfections and post-acne, remove excess sebum.

UV protection:

  • Anthelios XL Sunscreen Mattifying Gel Cream, SPF 50 / PPD 21is a mattifying sunscreen formula for oily and combination problem skin with patented Airlicium technology. Reduces oily shine, tightens pores, the product formula is effective in the open sun for up to 6 hours. Non-comedogenic, hypoallergenic. Can be used under makeup.

Dry skin type

 

It is not recommended for owners of a dry type to choose products with acids and retinol, which cause irritation and flaking. Your motto is delicacy. For such a dermis, nourishing and moisturizing (retaining moisture) hypoallergenic formulas with SPF filters are suitable. The nighttime product should contain lipids that help create a natural protective film of the epidermis. Cleansing should be gentle and gentle. Do peels or scrubs twice a week to exfoliate dead epidermis and renew cells.

Which La Roche-Posay products to use for grooming?

Cleansing

  • Micellar water Ultra Sensitive for sensitive skin of the face and eyes– gently removes makeup, soothes the skin even in the very sensitive area of ​​the eyelids. Soap, paraben and dye free.

Care

  • Moisturizer to enhance the protective function of skin prone to redness Rosaliac UV Riche– due to vitamins CG and PP, it increases hydration, eliminates redness, soothes reactive skin. The Mexoryl XL sun filter is responsible for preventing photoaging.
  • Toleriane Ultra Night Cream Gel– relieves tightness and itching, soothing even hypersensitive skin while you sleep.
  • Hydreane Extra Richemoisturizing face cream for sensitive skin prone to dryness – instantly moisturizes, soothes, softens the skin, protects from external factors.
  • Light moisturizer for sensitive skin Toleriane Sensitive– the product intensively moisturizes, soothes, enhances the natural protective function of the skin.

 

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