The phases of menstruation and the effect of hormones on them

The phases of menstruation and the effect of hormones on them

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After the first menstruation  , a cycle is established in the  female body , which on average lasts about 28 days.

The cycle of ovulation and menstruation is part of the life of any woman of reproductive age. Normally, it can last from 21 to 35 days, and all processes occurring during this period in a woman’s body are conventionally divided into several phases.

  • Menstrual phase. A period lasting from 3 to 6 days – bleeding from the uterus. At this time, the mucous membrane (endometrium) is rejected. When pregnancy occurs, a fertilized egg is attached to the endometrium.
  • Follicular phase. It begins at the same time as menstrual, but lasts a little longer – on average, 14 days. At this time, the follicle matures in the ovaries, in which, in turn, a new egg will mature. The restoration of the endometrium in the uterus also begins.
  • Ovulatory phase. This period lasts about three days and during this time the follicle ruptures – an egg cell ready for fertilization comes out of it. This process is called ovulation and can cause mild pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Luteal phase. Duration – from 11 to 16 days. At this time, there is an active production of hormones (estrogen and progesterone), which prepare the body for pregnancy. During this phase, there is often such a phenomenon as PMS – premenstrual syndrome.

 

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PMS is a complex of symptoms that are associated with a change in the hormonal background of a woman. For example, they include: swelling of the mammary glands, pain in the lower abdomen, mood changes and increased appetite.

Hormones and menstruation

The main hormones during menstruation are follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones, both of which ensure the production of progesterone and estrogen. These active substances play an extremely important role in a woman’s body, therefore, in case of menstrual irregularities or suspicions of pathology of the reproductive system, it is worth taking an analysis for hormones. It allows you to identify uterine fibroids, polycystic ovary disease and even  infertility .

In case of any difficulties with conception, as a rule, the gynecologist directs the patient to  study hormones . For diagnostics, it is necessary to know their “healthy” concentration at different parts of the cycle – on the basis of these data and test results, the doctor can diagnose and prescribe a specific therapy.

Hormones in the menstrual phase.

Tests are taken 3-5 days after the onset of menstrual bleeding

  • Follicle-stimulating FSH
  • luteinizing hormone LH
  • free testosterone
  • estradiol
  • dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
  • prolactin
  • androstenedione
  • sex hormone binding protein
  • thyroid hormones: TSH, free T4, AT to TPO

Hormones in the luteal phase.

Tests are taken on days 20-22 of the menstrual cycle

  • prolactin
  • proysterone

You also need to do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs on the 5-7th day of the menstrual cycle.

Folliculometry 3-4 times during 1 menstrual cycle.

In case of infertility: ultrasound is also performed in the luteal phase on the 20-25th day of the menstrual cycle.

In the Women’s and Men’s Health Clinic, you can get a consultation with a gynecologist, ultrasound diagnostics and take all the necessary tests in the laboratory.

The author of the article is Asel Khusainovna Kuramshina

PMS is a complex of symptoms that are associated with a change in the hormonal background of a woman. For example, they include: swelling of the mammary glands, pain in the lower abdomen, mood changes and increased appetite.

Hormones and menstruation

The main hormones during menstruation are follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones, both of which ensure the production of progesterone and estrogen. These active substances play an extremely important role in a woman’s body, therefore, in case of menstrual irregularities or suspicions of pathology of the reproductive system, it is worth taking an analysis for hormones. It allows you to identify uterine fibroids, polycystic ovary disease and even  infertility .

In case of any difficulties with conception, as a rule, the gynecologist directs the patient to  study hormones . For diagnostics, it is necessary to know their “healthy” concentration at different parts of the cycle – on the basis of these data and test results, the doctor can diagnose and prescribe a specific therapy.

Hormones in the menstrual phase.

Tests are taken 3-5 days after the onset of menstrual bleeding

  • Follicle-stimulating FSH
  • luteinizing hormone LH
  • free testosterone
  • estradiol
  • dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
  • prolactin
  • androstenedione
  • sex hormone binding protein
  • thyroid hormones: TSH, free T4, AT to TPO

Hormones in the luteal phase.

Tests are taken on days 20-22 of the menstrual cycle

  • prolactin
  • proysterone

You also need to do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs on the 5-7th day of the menstrual cycle.

Folliculometry 3-4 times during 1 menstrual cycle.

In case of infertility: ultrasound is also performed in the luteal phase on the 20-25th day of the menstrual cycle.

In the Women’s and Men’s Health Clinic, you can get a consultation with a gynecologist, ultrasound diagnostics and take all the necessary tests in the laboratory.

The author of the article is Asel Khusainovna Kuramshina

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